Ice Conditions. / April 29, 2009 /The Russian economic activity in the Arctic needs satellite monitoring of ice cover for purposes of the best pilotage. Accurate and true data on ice conditions are required for safety oil and gas field exploitation in the Arctic shelf. Such data should be presented in the form of ice conditions maps supplied with ice limits (with accuracy of no worse than 200m), data on ice type and concentration, and ice drift directions and velocity.
Along with acquiring operational data on ice conditions, an accumulation of behavior data on ice cover is also needed for designing and deployment of marine drilling rings, optimal vessel routing in the Arctic seas, and ecological climatic research activities. Oil pollution may be quite a problem in oil extraction and transportation in the Arctic shelf. Insurance companies also hold an interest in such data required for estimating the probability of material damage when naval and other operations in the Arctic.
Multi-band imagery data (AVHRR/NOAA and MODIS/TERRA, in the near future from METEOR-M) may be used for space monitoring of the Arctic.
Radar all-weather imaging from the European SAR/ERS spacecraft and from the Russian future METEOR-M spacecraft (BRLK equipment) as well is rather useful for the Arctic Region.
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