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Satellites-PredictorsThe spacecraft tests are being completed at the Lavochkin Research and Production Association. The start is scheduled in 2015. The first Elektro-L satellite was launched in 2011. Three Elektro-L series weather satellites will operate in the geostationary orbit.
The Lavochkin Research and Production Association. The Elektro-L2 geostationary satellite is waiting for its launching in one of the departments. Elektro-L1 is already in orbit. It is one of the most modern satellites. Today it is difficult to imagine that 57 years ago the first Earth satellite was an ordinary metal ball with four antennas and simple radio transmitter inside.
And this is our times. Dolgoprudny City, Moscow Region. European Center of Satellite Data Receiving and Transmission of the Planeta Research Center. The data on the Earth’s climate from foreign and Russian spacecraft come here.
„The imaging has been taken now and we have acquired such data. This is the Crimea, recognizable. The weather is very fine now in the Crimea,“ shows Alexey Babenko, Deputy Director of Production, FGBU NITs Planeta.
„This is antenna of minimal diameter whereby the data may be received without losses,“ tells A. Babenko.
„Our interest is to acquire data on the atmosphere condition across the globe. As a whole, according to the WMO estimates, satellites provide 50% of data currently for medium-term weather forecast,“ says Gennady Eliseev, Director Deputy of HydroMetCenter of Russia.
The World Meteorological Organization has a membership of 185 member states. Those countries that have launched their own spacecraft possess a colossal volume of data. Data is in open access. Each country dreams of its own satellite.
„Without home satellite constellation we may find ourselves in disadvantage. Foreign countries may impose certain limits on the access to their satellite data, as was already the case. It took place when the war in Iraq,“ says Valery Solovyev, Head of Space Meteorology Department, FGBU NITs Planeta
Five years ago, the reconstruction of the Russian weather space system has started. At first, the Meteor-M satellite was launched followed by the Elektro-L1 geostationary satellite. Today, the entire meteorological community is awaiting the launch of Elektro-L2. It is scheduled for launch for 2015.
The satellite will be equipped with a unique meteorological scanner for taking images of the earth’s surface in all spectral ranges. It will increase the quality of images.
Elektro-L2 will be positioned over the Indian Ocean. The position is ideal for observing the whole Russia. The spacecraft mass is a bit less than two tons. In addition to the main weather scanner, the satellite will carry special-purpose sensors for space weather research. As of today, Elektro-L2 has already undergone nearly all ground tests.
„There will be the electrical, thermal, and vacuum tests in vacuum chamber in Zagorsk following which the decision on the spacecraft transportation to testing ground will be made,“ says A. Mitkin.
„India, Bangladesh. Here we can see rivers and streams overflowed heavily their banks. I drew a line and measured. The overflow zone is 69 kilometers,“ shows Nikolay Abrosimov, specialist of FGBU NITs Planeta.
This is the data from foreign satellite. Before long, the Russian scientists may in just the same way demonstrate meteorological images from Elektro-L2. The Planeta Research Center has already prepared the technical base for operation with this spacecraft.
„The Elektro series satellites have another important mission which is collecting data from ground observation platform,“ tells Solovyev.
For purposes of environmental monitoring the ground observation network was deployed within the territory of Russia. Weather and stream-gaging stations observe the conditions in remote northern and mountainous regions. Approximately five hundred terminals operate now through which all data is transmitted to regions. The Planeta Center has been already received the order for one and a half thousand additional terminals. This system cannot work without weather satellite support.
Russia envisages launching one more ambitious project – Arktika-M hydrometeorological system. Two satellites will be placed into the highly elliptical orbit to observe the Arctic.
„When one of the home satellites was launched a large convoy of vessels got stuck on the Northern Sea Route. The satellite took images of the territory. And using the data the convoy was transported,“ recalls Babenko.
«A very active cyclone of explosive nature came through the Crimea. The event had been predicted well in advance. Including using satellite data. The Russian Hydrometeorological Center even received honorary mention from the ENERCOM for operational information,“ says proud Eliseev.
Element is beyond our control. Floods, hurricanes, and earthquakes occur without being invited. However scientists are trying to look to the future and make life on Earth more secure.
Roskosmos TV Studio
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