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The experiment simulating the flight to Mars finished in Moscow. / July 15, 2009 /

In Moscow finished «Mars 500» — 105-day experiment simulating the flight to Mars, the TV channel «Russia» reports. All this time the four Russians, a Frenchman and a German held in a closed model of the spacecraft at the Institute of Biomedical Problems (IMBP).

From Russia participated in the experiment test cosmonaut Oleg Artemyev, cosmonaut Sergei Ryazansky, Alexey Baranov doctor and a specialist in physical education and sport Alexei Shpakov. From the EU — civil airman Cyril Fournier (Cyrille Fournier) of the French and German Knikel Oliver (Oliver Knickel), a military engineer by profession.

The main objective was to study the psychological experience of the complexities of interaction groups of people during long-duration space flights. As part of the experiment are not simulated weightlessness and radiation effects, but many other factors are taken into account. For example, participants communicated with Earth from approximately 20-minute delay, which in space are of great distances, which are electromagnetic waves must be overcome.

In addition, scientists determine how well a group of astronauts the ability to cope with stressful situations. For this series of tests was harvested. In addition, some situations encountered by themselves: during the «flight» crew had to repair equipment, using sticky tape.

«Mars 500» is just one of a series of experiments to model flight to Mars (previously was an experiment on the 14-day isolation). The main experiment is scheduled for the end of 2009. Then have another group of participants in the experiment is in voluntary isolation for 520 days.

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