:: Remote Sensing FacilitiesOrbital Constellation ::

METEOR-M No.1, No.2, No.2-2 Spacecrafts (In Operation)

Launch Date

Meteor-M No.1 — 17 September 2009
Meteor-M No.2 — 8 July 2014
Meteor-M No.2-2 — 5 July 2019

Mission Purpose
Global observation of the Earths atmosphere and underlying surface to acquire hydrometeorological and heliogeophysical data on a regular and global basis.

Current Tasks


  • Global observation of the Earths surface;

  • Environmental monitoring;

  • Natural and man-made disaster monitoring;

  • Solving of agricultural and forestry problems;

  • Scientific research;

  • Data acquisition and transmission from DCPs (Data Collection Platforms) of different types (ground, ice and drifting)

Main Characteristics


  • Prime Contractor: JSC VNIIEM Corporation;

  • Orbit: Circular sun-synchronous, Н average=832 km, period Т=101.3 min, and inclination i=98.85 deg;

  • Launcher: Soyuz-FG carrier rocket with Fregat upper stage;

  • Mean-square error of attitude control by X,Y axes is no more than 10 angular minutes, by Z axis is no more than 15 angular minutes;

  • Energy supply: average daily — up to 1000 W and maximum within 10 minutes — up to 1350 W;

  • Design lifetime: No.1 — 5 years, No.2 7 years; No.2-2 5 years

  • S/C mass: 2700 kg;

  • Payload mass: 320 kg

Sensor Complement


  • Multispectral VIS/IR optical instruments (KMSS, MSU-MR);

  • Radiometric microwave equipment for atmospheric temperature and humidity sounding (MTVZA-GY) microwave radiometer;

  • Infrared Fourier Spectrometer tasked to provide atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles (IKFS-2) for Meteor-M No.2;

  • Heliogeophysical equipment (GGAK-M) consisting of five instruments per one platform for studying radiation of wide energy spectrum;

  • Onboard Radar Complex (BRLK) for taking radar images of the earths surface regardless of weather conditions;

  • Data Collection and Transmission Radio System comprising a system for acquiring data from ground measuring platforms (SSPD)

Meteor-M Instrument Package Characteristics

MSU-MR:


  • Imaging spectral bands, m:
    — Red (0.5 — 0.7);
    — Near IR (0.7 — 1.1);
    — Middle IR (1.6 — 1.8);
    — Middle IR (3.5 — 4.1);
    — Far IR (10.5 — 11.1);
    — Far IR (11.5 — 12.5)

  • Swath width (when imaging from 835 km orbit): 2800 km

  • Spatial resolution (pixel size projection onto ground with Н=835 km): < 1.0 km

KMSS:


  • Spectral channel number: 3

  • Imaging spectral ranges, m:
    — Green of MSU-50 (0.37 — 0.45), MSU-100 (0.535 — 0.575);
    — Red of MSU-50 (0.45 — 0.51), MSU-100 (0.3 — 0.68);
    — Near IR of MSU-50 (0.58 — 0.69), MSU-100 (0.76 — 0.9)

  • Swath width when 2 cameras operate simultaneously: 900 km

  • Resolution: 60-120 m

BRLK:


  • Carrier frequency: 9500-9700 MHz

  • Swath width: no less than 600 km

  • Spatial resolution:
    — Low resolution mode 0.7×1.0 km

  • — Medium resolution mode 0.4×0.5 km

MTVZA-GY:


  • Channel number: 29

  • Spectral range: 10.6 ÷ 183.31 GHz

  • Swath width: 1500 km

  • Spatial resolution: 16-198 km

SSPD:


  • Number of serviced platform (DCP): about 5 thousand

  • Number of concurrently serviced DCPs: about 150

Prospective Data Consumers
Hydrometeorological and heliogeophysical services of the Russian Federation and foreign countries


URL : http://www.ntsomz.ru/ks_dzz/satellites/meteor_m
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