Research Center
for Earth Operative Monitoring



main page remote sensing facilitiesorbital constellationmeteor-m no.1, no.2 spacecraft (in operation)

METEOR-M No.1, No.2 Spacecraft (In Operation). / September 20, 2011 /

Meteor-M No.1 Launch Date: 17 September 2009
Meteor-M No.2 Launch Date: 8 July 2014

Mission Purpose
Global observation of the Earth’s atmosphere and underlying surface to acquire hydrometeorological and heliogeophysical data on a regular and global basis.

Current Tasks

  • Global observation of the Earth’s surface;

  • Environmental monitoring;

  • Natural and man-made disaster monitoring;

  • Solving of agricultural and forestry problems;

  • Scientific research;

  • Data acquisition and transmission from DCPs (Data Collection Platforms) of different types (ground, ice and drifting)

Main Characteristics

  • Prime Contractor: JSC VNIIEM Corporation;

  • Orbit: Circular sun-synchronous, Н average=832km, period Т=101.3min, and inclination i=98.85deg;

  • Launcher: Soyuz-FG carrier rocket with Fregat upper stage;

  • Mean-square error of attitude control by X,Y axes is no more than 10 angular minutes, by Z axis is no more than 15 angular minutes;

  • Energy supply: average daily — up to 1000W and maximum within 10 minutes — up to 1350W;

  • Design lifetime: 1st stage — 5years, 2nd stage — 7 years;

  • S/C mass: 2700kg;

  • Payload mass: 320kg

Sensor Complement

  • Multispectral VIS/IR optical instruments (KMSS, MSU-MR);

  • Radiometric microwave equipment for atmospheric temperature and humidity sounding (MTVZA-GY) — microwave radiometer;

  • Infrared Fourier Spectrometer tasked to provide atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles (IKFS-2) — for Meteor-M No.2;

  • Heliogeophysical equipment (GGAK-M) consisting of five instruments per one platform for studying radiation of wide energy spectrum;

  • Onboard Radar Complex (BRLK) for taking radar images of the earth’s surface regardless of weather conditions;

  • Data Collection and Transmission Radio System comprising a system for acquiring data from ground measuring platforms (SSPD)

Meteor-M Instrument Package Characteristics


  • Imaging spectral bands, µm:
    — Red (0.5 ч 0.7);
    — Near IR (0.7 ч 1.1);
    — Middle IR (1.6 ч 1.8);
    — Middle IR (3.5 ч 4.1);
    — Far IR (10.5 ч 11.1);
    — Far IR (11.5 ч 12.5)

  • Swath width (when imaging from 835km orbit): 2800km

  • Spatial resolution (pixel size projection onto ground with Н=835km): < 1.0km


  • Spectral channel number: 3

  • Imaging spectral ranges, µm:
    — Green of MSU-50 (0.37 ч 0.45), MSU-100 (0.535 ч 0.575);
    — Red of MSU-50 (0.45 ч 0.51), MSU-100 (0.3 ч 0.68);
    — Near IR of MSU-50 (0.58 ч 0.69), MSU-100 (0.76 ч 0.9)

  • Swath width when 2 cameras operate simultaneously: 900km

  • Resolution: 60-120m


  • Carrier frequency: 9500-9700MHz

  • Swath width: no less than 600km

  • Spatial resolution:
    — Low resolution mode – 0.7×1.0km

  • — Medium resolution mode – 0.4×0.5km


  • Channel number: 29

  • Spectral range: 10.6 ÷ 183.31GHz

  • Swath width: 1500km

  • Spatial resolution: 16-198km


  • Number of serviced platform (DCP): about 5 thousand

  • Number of concurrently serviced DCPs: about 150

Prospective Data Consumers
Hydrometeorological and heliogeophysical services of the Russian Federation and foreign countries

Print version

    the other articles: Resurs-P Spacecraft (In Operation), RESURS-DK1 Spacecraft (Removed from service), METEOR-M No.1, No.2 Spacecraft (In Operation), ELEKTRO Geostationary Hydrometeorological Spacecraft (In Operation), METEOR-3M №1 Spacecraft (removed from service),
    all articles

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